2. Significant accounting policies /Continued Significant judgements and estimates Judgements made by management in the application of IFRSs that have a significant effect on the financial statements and major sources of estimation uncertainty are disclosed in Note 13. The critical estimates and assumptions relate to the investment property and owner-occupied property valuations applied by the Group’s independent valuer. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognised in the year in which the estimate is revised if the revision affects only that year, or in the year of the revision and future years if the revision affects both current and future years. Basis of consolidation The consolidated financial statements incorporate the financial statements of the Company and entities controlled by the Company at the reporting date. The Group controls an entity when it is exposed to, or has rights to, variable returns from its involvement with the entity and has the ability to affect these returns through its power over the entity. Subsidiaries are consolidated from the date on which control is transferred to the Group and cease to be consolidated from the date on which control is transferred out of the Group. These financial statements include the results of the subsidiaries disclosed in Note 12. All intra-group transactions, balances, income and expenses are eliminated on consolidation. Fair value hierarchy The fair value measurement for the Group’s assets and liabilities is categorised into different levels in the fair value hierarchy based on the inputs to valuation techniques used. The different levels have been defined as follows: Level 1: quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the Group can access at the measurement date. Level 2: inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly. Level 3: unobservable inputs for the asset or liability. The Group recognises transfers between levels of the fair value hierarchy as of the end of the reporting period during which the transfer has occurred. Investment properties Freehold property held by the Group to earn income or for capital appreciation, or both, is classified as investment property in accordance with IAS 40 ‘Investment Property’. Property held under head leases for similar purposes is also classified as investment property. Investment property is initially recognised at purchase cost plus directly attributable acquisition expenses and subsequently measured at fair value. The fair value of investment property is based on a valuation by an independent valuer who holds a recognised and relevant professional qualification and who has recent experience in the location and category of the investment property being valued. The fair value of investment properties is measured based on each property’s highest and best use from a market participant’s perspective and considers the potential uses of the property that are physically possible, legally permissible and financially feasible. The fair value of investment property generally involves consideration of: ‒ Market evidence on comparable transactions for similar properties; ‒ The actual current market for that type of property in that type of location at the reporting date and current market expectations; ‒ Rental income from leases and market expectations regarding possible future lease terms; ‒ Hypothetical sellers and buyers, who are reasonably informed about the current market and who are motivated, but not compelled, to transact in that market on an arm’s length basis; and ‒ Investor expectations on matters such as future enhancement of rental income or market conditions. Gains and losses arising from changes in fair value are included in the Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income in the year in which they arise. Purchases and sales of investment property are recognised when contracts have been unconditionally exchanged and the significant risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred. An investment property is derecognised for accounting purposes upon disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected to arise from the continued use of the asset. Any gain or loss arising on derecognition of the asset (calculated as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the item) is included in the Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income in the year the asset is derecognised. Investment properties are not depreciated. The majority of the investment properties are charged by way of a first ranking mortgage as security for the loans made to the Group; see Note 18.
Picton Property Income Limited Annual Report 2023
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